Articles

Numerical investigation of the effect of a transducer pulse on the microfluidic control of a piezoelectric printhead

[+] Author Affiliations
Jr-Ming Lai

National Chiao Tung University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1001 Ta Hsueh Road, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan

Jenn-Der Lin

National Chiao Tung University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1001 Ta Hsueh Road, Hsinchu 30050, Taiwan

Kung Linliu

National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Scientific Research/Facility Utilization, 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan

J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS. 9(3), 033010 (September 10, 2010). doi:10.1117/1.3486201
History: Received December 03, 2009; Revised June 04, 2010; Accepted July 21, 2010; Published September 10, 2010; Online September 10, 2010
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Numerical calculations are performed to investigate the effect of the component of a single transducer pulse on the ejection of a drop for a drop-on-demand ink-jet printhead with a piezoelectric actuator. The flow field is governed by continuity and Navier-Stokes equations. A volume-of-fluid method with a piecewise-linear interface construction is used to track the complicated topological variation of the liquid-gas interface. The computer code is validated with experimental results present in the literature. The volume of the primary drop is closely related to the maximum displacement Df of chamber wall induced by the piezoelectric actuator in the forward stoke; the velocity of the primary drop depends on the ratio of Df to the time period of the forward stoke Δτf. Moreover, the fact that the formation of the primary drop depends weakly on the conditions of the backward stroke is considered. A decreased interval between forward and backward strokes might serve to suppress the formation of satellite drops owing to reducing the liquid thread length lb at pinching off to a value less than the upper limit lb*. The breaking up of the freely flying liquid thread from nozzle outlet has two modes—multiple breaking up and end pinching—and depends on the thread length at pinching off.

© 2010 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Jr-Ming Lai ; Jenn-Der Lin and Kung Linliu
"Numerical investigation of the effect of a transducer pulse on the microfluidic control of a piezoelectric printhead", J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS. 9(3), 033010 (September 10, 2010). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3486201


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