A strong demand exists for techniques that extend application of ArF immersion lithography. Besides techniques such as litho-friendly design, dual exposure/patterning schemes, customized illumination, alternative processing schemes are also viable candidates. One of the most promising alternative flows uses image reversal by means of a negative tone development (NTD) step with a Fujifilm solvent-based developer. Traditionally, contact and trench printing uses a dark-field mask in combination with positive tone resist and positive tone development. With NTD, the same features are printed in positive resist using light-field masks, and consequently with better image contrast. We present an overview of NTD applications, comparing the NTD performance to that of the traditional development. Experimental work is performed at a 1.35 numerical aperture, targeting the contact/metal layers of the 32- and 22-nm nodes. For contact printing, we consider both single- and dual-exposure schemes for regular arrays and 2-D patterns. For trench printing, we study 1-D, line end, and 2-D patterns. We also assess the etch capability and critical dimension uniformity performance of the NTD process. We proves the added value of NTD. It enables us to achieve a broader pitch range and/or smaller litho targets, which makes NTD attractive for the most advanced lithography applications, including double patterning.