Articles

Improved model of rectangular scratch drive actuator

[+] Author Affiliations
Shawn Chen

National Chiao Tung University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

Chiawei Chang

National Chiao Tung University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

Wensyang Hsu

National Chiao Tung University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS. 10(1), 013016 (March 25, 2011). doi:10.1117/1.3549920
History: Received June 18, 2010; Revised December 12, 2010; Accepted January 03, 2011; Published March 25, 2011; April 04, 2011
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This paper proposes an integrated model of a scratch drive actuator (SDA) based on a fourth-order governing equation of the Euler–Bernoulli theory. By solving this equation with proper boundary conditions, typical SDA output characteristics, such as noncontact length, priming voltage, deflection curve, output force, and bending stress, can be determined. The results of the output force in a static model are then used as the input of single degree-of-freedom dynamic SDA model to investigate the friction effect. Electroplated nickel SDA arrays, 80 μm in main beam length and 65 μm in width with a suspended spring, are fabricated and tested. The average travel distances after 1500 input pulses of 80–120 V are measured and found to be from 4.7 to 12.9 μm. The average measured output forces are from 10.2 to 28.3 μN. The simulation from the dynamic model is closer to the measured total travel distance and the output force than the static model, in general. The difference between simulations and experimental data due to energy dissipation can be reduced by including the friction effect in the dynamic model. Deviations between simulations and measured results are less than 10% in full range showing the superior capability of the proposed SDA model.

© 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Citation

Shawn Chen ; Chiawei Chang and Wensyang Hsu
"Improved model of rectangular scratch drive actuator", J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS. 10(1), 013016 (March 25, 2011). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3549920


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