Lithography

Modeling and measurement of hydrogen radical densities of in situ plasma-based Sn cleaning source

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel T. Elg, Gianluca A. Panici, Jason A. Peck, David N. Ruzic

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Center for Plasma-Material Interactions, Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, Urbana, Illinois, United States

Shailendra N. Srivastava

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Applied Research Institute, Champaign, Illinois, United States

J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS. 16(2), 023501 (Apr 07, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JMM.16.2.023501
History: Received December 2, 2016; Accepted March 9, 2017
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Abstract.  Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography sources expel Sn debris. This debris deposits on the collector optic used to focus the EUV light, lowering its reflectivity and EUV throughput to the wafer. Consequently, the collector must be cleaned, causing source downtime. To solve this, a hydrogen plasma source was developed to clean the collector in situ by using the collector as an antenna to create a hydrogen plasma and create H radicals, which etch Sn as SnH4. This technique has been shown to remove Sn from a 300-mm-diameter stainless steel dummy collector. The H radical density is of key importance in Sn etching. The effects of power, pressure, and flow on radical density are explored. A catalytic probe has been used to measure radical density, and a zero-dimensional model is used to provide the fundamental science behind radical creation and predict radical densities. Model predictions and experimental measurements are in good agreement. The trends observed in radical density, contrasted with measured Sn removal rates, show that radical density is not the limiting factor in this etching system; other factors, such as SnH4 redeposition and energetic ion bombardment, must be more fully understood in order to predict removal rates.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Daniel T. Elg ; Gianluca A. Panici ; Jason A. Peck ; Shailendra N. Srivastava and David N. Ruzic
"Modeling and measurement of hydrogen radical densities of in situ plasma-based Sn cleaning source", J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS. 16(2), 023501 (Apr 07, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JMM.16.2.023501


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